Appeasement explanation and other examples in history

Biography on Adolf Hitler

Neville Chamberlain's "Peace in our Time" speech

Neville Chamberlain's Declaration of War in 1939 on British radio

Map of Germany before WW2

Map of Europe before WW2

 


 


THE END OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA- MARCH 1939

The end of Czechoslovakia

(i) The Nazis began agitation within ethnic groups, for their own "liberation"

(ii) In February of 1939 the Slovak state grew restless and problematic.

(iii) On March 9th, the Czechoslovakian government dismissed the local Slovak government, and troops prepared to move in to keep order.

(iv) Hitler continued to recognize the independence of the Slovak state, and kept stirring them up.

(v) On March 13th, Hitler's troops moved in to "aid" the Slovaks.

(vi) Hitler told the PM to sign away Czechoslovakian independence or face invasion. With no help coming, he signed. On March 15, 1939 Czechoslovakia became a German "protectorate."

Summary

As a result of the preceding events:

  • Hitler lost all credibility as someone interested in peace.

  • The British claimed their guarantee to Czechoslovakia was no longer valid, since the country no longer officially existed.

  • The love of Appeasement was finished. There was an anti-appeasement movement growing in Britain.

  • Rearmarment started...slowly.

  • Europe realized that future negotiations with Hitler would have to be backed with force.

  • The British and French would make promises to Poland because of shame over Czechoslovakia.

In October 1938 appeasement (according to Chamberlain) had been a complete success.

Yet shortly after the takeover of Czechoslovakia Chamberlain would make his famous confession that "everything that I had worked for in my public life lies in ruins."

Winston Churchill had been right all along - i.e. the way to deal with Hitler was with force.

The very word 'Munich' has become synonymous with weakness and shame.